HOME > Performance Pathways Science > NYSI Research Bytes

NYSI Research Bytes

Screen Shot 2018-05-07 at 2.40.14 PM.png

NYSI Research Bytes is a sports science newsletter. In each issue, we speak to a sports science expert and ask them to share more about their work. If you’re keen on receiving these monthly nuggets of information to complement your current daily practice, do head to http://www.bit.ly/nysiresearchbytes to subscribe to the mailing list.


NYSI Research Bytes: A sneak peek into the Skill Acquisition Framework for Youth Sport in Singapore.

Neha.pngDr Neha Malhotra is a Skill Acquisition and Sport Psychology specialist within NYSI’s Performance Pathways Science team. Over the last year, Dr Malhotra has been working on a Skill Acquisition Framework for youth sport in Singapore together with fellow experts in the field (Dr Jonathan Leo Ng, Dr Chow Jia Yi, and Dr Rich Masters). In this edition of NYSI Research Bytes, Dr Malhotra shares about the process of coming up with the framework and the ways in which it could benefit local sport practitioners.  

Find out more here.


Body Image Dissatisfaction

Picture 1.pngBody Image Dissatisfaction (BID) can occur when one persistently has negative thoughts and feelings about their body. Regardless of gender, youth athletes are at a high risk of developing BID and it is important to address BID before it leads to unhealthy eating and other health risk behaviours. In this edition of Research Bytes, we will discuss factors that contribute to BID and ways for the different stakeholders to develop an environment which supports healthy body image.

View the Video here.

Dr Jessica Fraser-Thomas

Positive Youth Development

Dr Jessica Fraser-Thomas is a professor in the Department of Health Science at York University, Canada. Her research focuses on children and youths’ development through sport, with a particular interest in positive youth development, psychosocial influences (i.e., coaches, family, peers), and sport participation trajectories over the life course. She has received multiple awards such as the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology Young Scientist Award, the Province of Ontario Volunteer Service Award, and YMCA Canada's Program Innovation Award. Dr Jessica Fraser-Thomas has over 70 peer-reviewed articles and is also the co-editor of the book, 'Health and Elite Sport: Is High-Performance Sport A Healthy Pursuit?'. 

In this edition of Research Bytes, we will be exploring how positive youth development can be cultivated through youth sport. In doing so we will provide advice for practitioners on how to structure sport activities to achieve positive outcomes in terms of sport skills as well as personal development.

                                          View the Video here.


Barefoot Running in Children

Jun cropped.jpg
Dr. Jun Mizushima is a Youth Coaching Manager at NYSI. A man of both theory and practice, Dr. Mizushima has a doctorate degree in coaching science and he was the coach of the Paraguay national athletics team (2015 – 2017). In this edition of NYSI Research Bytes, Dr. Mizushima shares some of his findings from his PhD on the differences between the way children run barefoot and with shoes. These findings may help coaches understand how the presence of shoes may affect the way athletes run, and shed light on the potential of modifying footwear for training.

Read the Newsletter here.


Coaches' & Athletes' Perspectives of PA in Women’s Sports in Singapore

Performance Analysis (PA) plays a big role in helping athletes to improve their sporting performance. However, athletes’ perception of PA could potentially influence learning when PA support is provided. In this edition of Research Bytes, Joanne Kyra Loo (performance pathways manager from NYSI) shares some key findings from her recent publication on coaches’ and athletes’ perspectives of PA in Women’s sports in Singapore. In this video interview, she also provides some tips for sports practitioners to improve the effectiveness of PA sessions for their athletes. 

View the Video here.

Dr Tracy Rea

Talent Transfer Lifecyle Model

Tracy Mugshot.jpeg
Dr Tracy Rea’s involvement in the field of high-performance sports as an international athlete, coach and support staff has enriched her experience to date. She has competed as a junior international athlete in shot put and worked with the British Colleges and British Universities Netball Squads as a coach. Dr Tracy Rea continued her career by working for the Sportscotland Institute of Sport and then as Performance Director of Scottish Gymnastics leading up to the 2014 Commonwealth Games. 

In this edition of Research Bytes, we will be exploring the Talent Transfer Lifecycle Model developed by Dr Tracy Rea and how it could help to optimise the talent transfer process.

View the Video here.



Mr Ivan Ee is the Head of Performance Analytics at NYSI and has been supporting youth athletes for the past seven years as a performance analyst. In this edition of NYSI Research Bytes, Ivan shares his top tips on how to use video-feedback for performance analysis. Coaches can use this information to help improve athletes’ performance.

Read the Newsletter here.


Low Energy Availability

Low energy availability (LEA) can occur from a mismatch between athlete’s energy intake and expenditure. It can happen to both male and female athletes, and it is prevalent in an array of sports – not just sports with a greater emphasis on being lean. In this edition of Research Bytes, the detrimental effects of LEA on athletes and ways to prevent LEA by the different stakeholders will be discussed. 

View the Video here.


Youth-To-Senior Transition

RB 17.png
Youth-to-senior transition is one of the most challenging transitions for an athlete as they have to cope with increasing demands from their sport and also from their daily lives. In this edition of Research Bytes, we introduce the key transition variables that could affect the transition process and also look at ways for stakeholders to facilitate the transition process.

View the Video here.


Mental Health Issues in Elite Youth Athletes

Elite youth athletes are at risk of experiencing mental health issues as they experience stress from daily living and also from sports. This edition of Research Bytes highlights how sport practitioners can help to create an elite sporting environment that supports athletes’ mental health.

View the Video here.

Dr Haresh Suppiah    

Sleep Characteristics of Elite Youth Athletes

Sleep is essential for growth and recovery, especially for growing adolescents. However, are our elite youth athletes sleeping enough, in terms of both quality and quantity? In this edition of Research Bytes, a video interview was conducted with Dr Haresh Suppiah, who shared his findings on sleep characteristics of elite youth athletes in Singapore. In addition, he provided some valuable insights on ways to optimize sleep, napping and caffeine intake.

View the Video here.

Dr Sofyan Bin Sahrom

Ramadan Fasting and Skill Performance

During the month of Ramadan, Muslims begin to fast from sunrise till sunset. With restricted intake of food and fluid, does that actually affect the skill performance of an elite athlete? In this edition of Research Bytes, a video interview/discussion with TeamNYSI - comprised of  Mr Leslie Tan, Dr Sofyan Bin Sahrom, Mr Matthew Wylde and Dr Jamie Lye, revealed the findings of a study done by Dr Sofyan on the effects of Ramadan fasting on skill performance of elite badminton players, and also some practical applications that can help to optimize training for Muslim athletes. The discussion has also led to other interesting topics, such as intermittent fasting and more!

View the Video here.

Dr Cliff Mallett 

High-Performance Coaching

Prof Cliff Mallett is a professor in the School of Human Movement Studies at the University of Queensland (UQ). He is a leading international scholar in the fields of psychology and coaching (high-performance), and he was also an Olympic and World Championship medal-winning coach. Prof Mallett has also developed a world-renowned online programme in sports coaching and he consults nationally and internationally with many elite sporting organisations. Prof Mallett shares with us the demands and qualities of a successful high-performance coach, and some insights into youth coaching.

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Damian Farrow

Skill Acquisition Periodisation (SAP) framework

Dr Damian Farrow is currently the Australian Football League (AFL) Umpires Coaching and Innovation Manager and a Professor of Skill Acquisition within the Institute for Health and Sport at Victoria University. He has worked with wide range of elite sporting programmes including Swimming Australia, Cricket Australia, Tennis Australia, Netball Australia, Golf Australia, the Wallabies and England Rugby. Dr Damian Farrow is passionate about community engagement through the translation of theory into practice via coach education and the publication of general interest sports science books including; "Run Like You Stole Something", "Why Dick Fosbury Flopped" and "It's True: Sport Stinks".

In this edition of Research Bytes, we will be exploring a Skill Acquisition Periodisation (SAP) framework developed by Dr Damian Farrow to guide practitioners on how to plan, monitor and evaluate skill training programmes. 

View the Video here.

Dr Chow Jia Yi 

Non-Linear Pedagogy

RB11.pngFind out more in this edition of Research Bytes where Associate Professor Chow Jia Yi shares more about non-linear pedagogy and how to factor the complexity of learning movements into coaching. Assoc Prof Chow’s research interests include the development of non-linear pedagogy and the implementation of ecological dynamics. He is also on the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Sport Psychology and Sports Medicine. 

View the Video here.

Dr Li Ping Wei

Early Sporting Success in Talent Identification

RB10.pngDr Li Ping Wei is a tennis coach and a doctoral researcher in elite sport, focusing on tennis. She is also the founder of the China-Europe Tennis Platform, which aims to exchange coaching expertise and research between China and European countries. Dr Li Ping Wei is passionate about using her research findings to influence changes in the sport ecosystem to be less results-driven and more developmental for youth athletes. In this edition of Research Bytes, we discuss how early sporting success should not be the sole criteria for talent identification or assessment of an athlete’s potential.

View the Video here.

Dr Kristoffer Henriksen

Athletic Talent Development Environment

RB9.pngAssociate Professor Kristoffer Henriksen is the Head of the Research Unit for Learning and Talent in Sport at the University of Southern Denmark. He shares how sporting organisations can affect the athletic talent development environment in his latest publication titled, 'An “Organisational Triangle” to Coordinate Talent Development: A Case Study in Danish Swimming'. His work on the Holistic Ecological Approach (HEA) to athlete development has helped shape how athletic talent development environments are understood. This edition of Research Bytes highlights various ways in which organisational collaborations can contribute to a successful talent development environment.

View the Video here.

Dr Craig Harrison

Talent Development Environment

RB8.pngDr Craig Harrison is a Research Fellow specialising in Youth Athlete Development at the Auckland University of Technology (AUT). He is also the founder of the Athlete Development Project, a programme which aims to create an environment that facilitates youths to learn and realize their potential both in sports and in life. He shares his knowledge about how the environment can shape youth athlete development and why a skate park environment is capable of grooming skilled, adaptable, and resilient youth athletes. He has collaborated with many industry experts and has released over 90 podcasts on topics related to youth athlete development.

Read the Newsletter here.


Management of Soft-Tissue Injuries

RB7.pngFollowing the usual ‘RICE’ acronym to treat your injuries? This edition of Research Bytes highlights how it may actually slow down your healing process and introduces a better alternative for managing your injuries. Better management of your injuries can minimise the chances of recurring sprains and strains. Onward to a better sporting journey!

View the Video here.


Skill Acquisition in Return to Training

RB5.pngSmall groups of 5 and social distancing measures? This edition of Research Bytes highlights various ways you can use these restrictions to your advantage in planning training during Phase 2 of reopening. It is possible to provide quality training plans for athletes returning to training despite the restrictions.

View the Video here.


Implicit Motor Learning for Return to Training

RB4.pngDr Neha Malhotra is a Skill Acquisition Specialist, Sport Psychologist and Research Coordinator at NYSI. Her research has focused on the role of consciousness in motor skill learning and performance under pressure in sporting contexts. In this newsletter, Neha shares some tips for coaches and athletes returning to training based on a body of work in the field of Skill Acquisition (specifically Implicit Motor Learning).

Read the Newsletter here.

By NYSI    

Exercise and Cognitive Functions 

RB3.jpgMs Joanna Li joined NYSI this year as a Talent Identification Specialist. She is on the verge of completing her PhD with The University of Sydney in exercise physiology. Her research focuses on how exercise and physical activity impacts the cognitive function and academic performance of adolescent schoolboys. In this edition of Research Bytes, she shares about the current findings and limitations on exercise-induced cognitive enhancement in youths.

View the Video here.


Effects of Detraining

RB2.pngThis edition of Research Bytes introduces the effects of detraining and provides recommendations to minimise its impact on athletic performance. This was published in the midst of a global pandemic – COVID-19. Without the access to physical training locations such as the gym and other training venues, athletes face the risk of reduced training loads and fitness. This edition highlights various evidence-based recommendations that athletes can adopt to minimise the effects of detraining during a period like this.

View the Video here.



RB1.pngThis edition of Research Bytes sheds light on the topic of immune health in athletes. This release was published in the midst of a global pandemic – COVID-19. High academic load and prolonged high-intensity trainings are some of the stressors that may threaten the immune health of youth athletes. This edition highlights various evidence-based recommendations that athletes can adopt to protect themselves against infections and illnesses.

View the Video here.

Dr Jonathan Ng

Movement Competence

Jonathan Leo Ng portrait.jpgDr Jonathan Ng is currently with the Physical, Sport and Outdoor Education Branch, Ministry of Education. Jonathan's work is largely influenced by the ecological dynamics perspective and focuses on impacting curriculum, pedagogy and assessment in the area of physical education. His research suggests that movement competence is a multi-dimensional construct that has implications on long-term physical activity and athlete potential. Importantly, acquisition of expertise in the movement domain is inherently dependent on varied movement experiences that provide opportunities to develop important attributes such as adaptability through concepts such as perception-action coupling.

View the Video here.

Dr Rich Masters

Implicit Motor Learning 

IMG_1439.jpgDr Rich Masters is a Professor of Human Movement Psychology in Te Huataki Waiora School of Health, University of Waikato, New Zealand. Prof Masters is an expert in implicit motor learning among high performance athletes and beginners. His primary research in implicit motor learning shows that people can acquire movement skills implicitly without conscious awareness of the verbalized knowledge that supports their performance. His expertise has also seen him lead the development of a skill acquisition framework used by High Performance Sport New Zealand. 

View the Video here.

He Qixiang

Daylight Saving Time 

20200108_160400 (1).jpgMr He Qixiang is a PhD student at the National Institute of Education. In this newsletter, he shares about the key findings of his publication with a novel methodology - 'Daylight Savings Time Transitions in Football Injuries and Key Performance Indicators in the Bundesliga: A Web-Scraping Approach'. His research interests are in talent identification and the usage of technology in sports.

Read the Newsletter here.


Vitamin D

Screen Shot 2019-12-03 at 2.31.17 PM.pngAthletes have an increased demand for vitamin D due to their high training load and physiological stress. A key source of vitamin D is sunlight. Despite Singapore's tropical climate, many elite athletes were reported to be deficient in vitamin D. This may result in increased risk of injuries and reduced training quality. This edition of Research Bytes discusses how athletes can meet their vitamin D requirements. 

View the Video here

Dr Arne Güllich

Early Diversification with Late Specialisation 

thumbnail_Arne Pic.jpgDr Arne Güllich is the head of the Department of Sport Science and the director of the Institute of Applied Sport Science at the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. He was previously the head of talent development at the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB). Arne has also coached youth and senior track and field athletes, including Olympians. His research interests focus on youth sport, talent development and the evaluation of talent development programmes. 

View the Video here

Dr Li Chunxiao

Talent Development Environment and Mental Toughness

CX photo.jpgDr Li Chunxiao is an assistant professor at National Institute of Education. He came up with a taxonomic classification of the talent development environmental factors in sports in his publication, ‘Talent development environmental factors in sport: A review and taxonomic classification’. He also established how the environment affects sports performances in another publication, ‘Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction’. To date, he has published over 50 international peer-reviewed journal articles, mainly in the field of sport psychology.

View the Video here

Dr Elsa Kristiansen

The Norwegian Sport System

thumbnail_Elsa Kristiansen Pic.jpg
Dr Elsa Kristiansen is a Professor of Management at the University of South-Eastern Norway. She shares about the Norwegian youth sports system in her publications titled 'Developing young athletes: The role of the private sport schools in the Norwegian sport system' and 'Young female handball players and sport specialization: How do they cope with the transition from primary school into secondary school?'. She has published over 60 articles and book chapters, the majority of which are in the areas of sport psychology and sport management.

View the Video here


Growth and Maturation
Screen Shot 2019-06-28 at 2.56.46 PM.pngThis edition of Research Bytes sheds light on the topic of growth and maturation in youth sports. It highlights the concept of bio-banding, which is a process that involves grouping athletes based on attributes associated with growth and maturation rather than chronological age. This release discusses how sport practitioners can aid late developing youth athletes while optimising training and performance for the early maturers.

View the Video here

Jericho Wee

Validity of Portable Gym Devices

Jericho Passport Photo.jpgMr Jericho Wee is a Sport Physiologist in NYSI. In this video, he shares about the key findings from his recent publication which he co-authored – ‘Validity and Reliability of Portable Gym Devices and an iPhone App to Measure Vertical Jump Performance'.  His research interests are in sleep and motor learning; and validity of assessment tools.

Read the Newsletter here

Dr Abdul Rashid Aziz

Ramadan Fasting on Sport Performance

Rashid.pngDr Abdul Rashid Aziz, a sport physiologist and a strength and conditioning coach at Singapore Sports Institute (SSI), shares about his publication titled 'Effects of Ramadan fasting on the physical activity profile of trained Muslim soccer players during a 90-minute match.' His research interest lies in emerging Asian-dominated sports such as sepak-takraw and pencak-silat. 

Read the Newsletter here

Dr Haresh Suppiah

Napping Strategies in High-Performance Sport 

vTi-E1vR_400x400.jpgDr Haresh Suppiah is a sport physiologist in NYSI. This video edition summarises the key findings from his recent publication which he co-authored - 'Effects of a Short Daytime Nap on Shooting and Sprint Performance in High-level Adolescent Athletes'.  His research interests are in sleep and recovery strategies in high-performance sport. 

View the Video here.

Dr Israel Halperin

Provision of Autonomy in Training

Israel_Halperin.jpgDr Israel Halperin is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Public Health at Tel Aviv University. This video edition summarises the key findings from his recent publication which he co-authored - 'Autonomy, a missing ingredient of a successful program'. His research interests are in motor learning, strength and conditioning, and research methodology.

View the Video here.

Ng Ee Ling

Hydration Behaviours in Singaporean Youth Athletes 

WhatsApp Image 2019-01-17 at 2.45.09 PM.jpegMs Ng Ee Ling is a dietician at NYSI. She shares about her presentation at the International Conference on Adaptations and Nutrition in Sports (ICANS) titled 'Fluid Balance and Hydration Practices of High-Performance Singaporean Youth Athletes'. Her research interest is in fluid balance among youth athletes in relation to their training. 

Read the Newsletter here.
View the Video here.

Dr Shona Halson

Recovery Periodisation & Behaviours 

693a5ca8-f74e-4578-a19d-87c3599f9a22.jpgDr Shona Halson is an Associate Professor in the School of Behavioural and Health Sciences at the Australian Catholic Unversity (ACU). She shares about her research on recovery periodisation and athletes' recovery behaviours. Her research centers on recovery strategies for athletes.

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Natalia Stambulova

The Holistic Ecological Approach 

fcc93828-25c3-4668-b248-13e55c140f32.pngDr Natalia Stambulova, a Professor in Sport & Exercise Psychology in the School of Health and Welfare at Halmstad University, Sweden and a visiting Professor in the School of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics at Southern Denmark University, shares about her research on the Holistic Ecological Approach (HEA) to talent development. Her research centers on developmental psychology and sport psychology. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Jason Lee

Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat 

RB Photo.jpgDr Jason Lee, a Programme Director at the DSO National Laboratories and an Associate Prof at the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine (NUS), shares about his latest consensus statement that he co-authored - 'Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat'. His research centers on fluid balance, thermoregulation and mitigation strategies for improving human performance under occupational and sports settings in the heat. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Swarup Mukherjee

Female Athlete Triad 

WhatsApp Image 2018-08-13 at 17.19.19.jpegDr Swarup Mukherjee, a trained medical doctor, specialised in sports medicine, shares about his research publication, 'Perceptions, awareness and knowledge of the Female Athlete Triad amongst Coaches - Are we meeting the expectations for athlete safety?'. He is also an Associate Prof in the Physical Education and Sport Science Academic Group at the National Institute of Education. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Kevin Till

Contextualising Fitness Data to Youth Athletes' Maturity and Age

57ab263a-436c-48c1-9bdd-01c781e9a956-2.jpgDr Kevin Till, Reader in Athlete Development in the Sports Coaching Group at Leeds Beckett University, shares about his latest manuscript, ‘Enhancing the Evaluation and Interpretation of Fitness Testing Data within Youth Athletes’. Kevin currently co-leads the Carnegie Adolescent Rugby Research (CARR) project, aimed at developing evidence-based practice within adolescent rugby union players.

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Koh Koon Teck

Enhancing Coaching with Information Communication and Technologies (ICT)

868cca71-b5e6-44f5-942c-a25147fb400d (1).png

Dr Koh Koon Teck, Head of the Department of Physical Education & Sports Science (PESS) at the National Institute of Education (NIE), discusses his recent article, ‘The Internet as a source of learning for youth soccer coaches’. His research interests are in the use of Information Communication and Technologies (ICT) to enhance teaching and learning in PE and coaching; as well as Coach Education and Development.

Read the Newsletter here.

Miriam Lee

Nonlinear Pedagogy


Miriam Lee is a Manager in the Programme Innovation team at Sport Singapore. She discusses her recent article, 'Nonlinear Pedagogy and its role in encouraging twenty-first century competencies through physical education: A Singapore experience'. Her research interests are in nonlinear pedagogy and in the area of motor control and learning for children.

Read the Newsletter here.

Matthew Wylde

Understanding Time-Motion Analysis and Session 


Mr Matthew Wylde is the Head of Performance Analytics at NYSI. He shares about his presentation at the 2018 Australian Strength and Conditioning Association Southeast Asian Conference in Singapore titled ‘The use of differential ratings of perceived exertion and accelerometer-derived player load to quantify biomechanical and physiological load in adolescent badminton’.

Read the Newsletter here.

Nessan Costello

Snap-n-Send: A Dietary Assessment Tool


Nessan Costello is a SENr accredited performance nutritionist currently working as a performance nutritionist at Leeds United F.C. and the Leeds Rhinos R.F.L.C. academy, while completing a PhD on professional rugby league players at Leeds Beckett University. The interview looks into Nessan’s early PhD research designing and investigating the validity of a novel photography and behavioural dietary assessment tool called Snap-N-Send.

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Michele Lastella

Sleep Behaviour of Coaches


Dr Michele Lastella, a lecturer and research fellow from the Central Queensland University, recently published an article titled, ‘Sleep at the helm: A case study of how a head coach sleeps compared to his team’. His research interests include sleep and circadian rhythms of elite athletes and sport psychology.

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Johan Pion

KTK: A Tool to Detect Better Movers

Dr Johan Pion is a Professor of Talent Identification and Development in Sports at HAN University of Applied Sciences, in the Netherlands.  He published the paper ‘The Applicability of a Short Form of the KörperKoordinationsTest für Kinder for Measuring Motor Competence in Children Aged 6-11 Years’. NYSI’s Dr Haresh Suppiah interviewed Dr Pion about this study which highlighted details of this motor competency assessment. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Bryan Mann

Effect of Physical and Academic Stress on Illness and Injury


Dr Bryan Mann is the assistant director of strength and conditioning at the University of Missouri. He published the paper ‘Effect of Physical and Academic Stress on Illness and Injury in Division 1 College Football Players’. Dr Haresh Suppiah of the NYSI interviewed Dr Mann about his unique study which highlighted the effect of academic stress on injury rates in collegiate athletes. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Damien McKay

Working with Adolescent Athletes


Dr Damien McKay, a widely published and leading paediatrician, recently published an article titled, 'The Adolescent Athlete: A Developmental Approach to Injury Risk'. His interests include fitness assessment and exercise prescription in children, concussive head injury in youth athletes, and factors influencing injury in adolescent athletes, an area for which he was previously appointed as a Scientific Advisor to the IOC. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Pleun van Ginneken

Relative Age Effect


Pleun van Ginneken is a graduate from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and co-authored the paper 'Age-ordered shirt numbering reduces the selection bias associated with the relative age effect', published in the Journal of Sports Science, in collaboration with the MOVE Research Institute. She shares her novel interventional study to overcome the relative age effect selection bias. 

Read the Newsletter here.

Dr Anna Saw

Self-Report Measures for Athletes


Dr Anna Saw is a sport scientist with Deakin University's Centre for Sport Research. She discusses her recent publication, 'Monitoring the athlete training response: Subjective self-reported measures trump commonly used objective measures: A systematic review', published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. 

Read the Newsletter here.